A new approach to the study of technological capability in less developed countries

by Martin Fransman

Publisher: International Labour Office in Geneva

Written in English
Published: Pages: 65 Downloads: 108
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Places:

  • Developing countries.

Subjects:

  • Technology assessment -- Developing countries

Edition Notes

Statementby Martin Fransman.
SeriesWorld Employment Programme research working paper., WP 166
ContributionsTechnology and Employment Programme (World Employment Programme)
Classifications
LC ClassificationsT174.5 .F73 1986
The Physical Object
Paginationiv, 65 p. :
Number of Pages65
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL1970473M
ISBN 109221056260
LC Control Number90207494
OCLC/WorldCa22889400

Thailand as a case study. It argues that the specific nature of the NIS and related problems in developing countries, which are less successful in terms of technological catching up are different both from developed countries and ‘learning intensive’ developing countries. Print Population Characteristics of Highly Developed & Developing Countries Worksheet 1. The _____ is the average number of offspring born to a woman in . A Technological Approach to Teaching Factorization Kelly E. Kilgore Mary Margaret Capraro Texas A&M University at College Station, U.S.A. According to previous studies, complementing a factorization lesson with technology is beneficial, and algebra tiles File Size: KB. Appropriate technology is a movement (and its manifestations) encompassing technological choice and application that is small-scale, affordable by locals, decentralized, labor-intensive, energy-efficient, environmentally sound, and locally autonomous. It was originally articulated as intermediate technology by the economist Ernst Friedrich "Fritz" Schumacher in his work Small .

  Dr Surendra J. Patel, who passed away in Geneva on Decem , was indeed one of the most brilliant minds of the twentieth century. At a time when the so-called ‘globalisers’ are in full control of the international economic system, it is necessary to highlight the central message he conveyed in his Technological Transformation and Development in the . ANewIndicatorofTechnologicalCapabilities forDevelopedandDevelopingCountries(ArCo) DANIELEARCHIBUGI LondonSchoolofEconomicsandPoliticalScience,UK. Traditionally, this list would closely follow the list of First, Second and Third World countries (First, Second, and Third World countries.) Looking at technology that is not high tech (like roads, landline telephones, electrification, etc,) thes. This paper analysis the strategies of some developing countries in a particular high technology industry: the aircraft manufacturing industry. The focus is on Brazil, China, Indonesia and Romania. The approach that each of these countries has followed towards developing an indigenous aircraft manufacturing industry is by: 4.

4 The Least Developed Countries Report regard to a number of different indicators. The charts illustrate the vast difference in performance between the LDCs and other country groups. The widest disparity is in the number of researchers per million population and patent applications granted by the United States Patent Office per million. direction, we suggest checking whether inequality can reduce the technological changes based on an econometric study. Almost all the empirical works focus on the developed countries. To remedy this shortcoming, this study use a panel comprising 48 developing countries, selected according to the availability of data over a period of 56 years. In this study, we explore seven in-depth cases of high-technology acquisitions and develop an empirically grounded model of technology and capability transfer during acquisition implementation. We assess how the nature of the acquired firms' knowledge-based resources, as well as multiple dimensions of acquisition implementation, have both independent and Cited by: Our study contributes to the understanding of firm-level dynamics of innovation and its consequences on financial performance by suggesting a new way of operationalising innovation capability of firms and providing an analysis of two of the most successful Asian emerging countries, namely Korea and China. The findings of the paper have significant.

A new approach to the study of technological capability in less developed countries by Martin Fransman Download PDF EPUB FB2

Ulku H. () Technological Capability, Innovation, and Productivity in Least-Developed and Developing Countries. In: López-Claros A.

(eds) The Innovation for Development Report – Palgrave Macmillan, LondonCited by: 1. Science and Technological Capability Building in Global South: Comparative Study of India and South Africa: Rethinking Theories, Institutions, and. a multi-method approach of observation, trend analysis and case studies, this research breaks its argument into three main parts: 1) understanding the technological challenges in developing countries; 2) implications on how technology affects education, infrastructure, healthcare, and.

Technology and Technological Diffusion in Developing Countries 2 Technological progress—improvements in the techniques (including firm organization) by which goods and services are produced, mar-keted, and brought to market—is at the heart of human progress and development.

At the national level, technological progress canFile Size: 1MB. It fills a gap in the established literature on technological capability, which has neglected the small-scale sector in spite of the important role it plays in employment generation.

The author develops a methodology for a quantitative assessment of the learning process, using case material from the small-scale capital goods sector in Pakistan.

A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Downloadable (with restrictions). This paper presents a critical review of the global value chain (GVC) literature in light of the “technological capabilities” approach to innovation in less-developed countries (LDCs).

Participation in GVC is beneficial for firms in LDCs, which are bound to source technology internationally. However, the issues of learning and technological efforts at the. Technological capability and innovativeness certainly help them to catch up with the developed countries.

Keeping this in mind, the concept of TC-index has been developed. TC-index is an integrated innovation index whose score ranges from negative to zero and to positive values. The range depends on the way the index is by: Technological Advancement in Developed and Developing Countries: Discoveries in Global Information Management [Gordon Hunter, Felix Tan] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Technological Advancement in Developed and Developing Countries: Discoveries in Global Information Management discusses the organizational implications of Cited by: 1. Despite an avalanche of literature over the last 30 years there has been relatively little written on the role played by strategic planning in the transfer of technology, particularly from developed to less developed countries.

Technology transfer, which involves the acquisition of inventive Price: $ In an influential recent book Mokyr 1 set out the case for what he termed "Cardwell's Law," based on an interpretation of Cardwell. 2 This Law proposes that highly technologically creative societies only remain so for relatively short historical periods.

At some stage the momentum that gathers behind technological advance becomes exhausted. In Mokyr's judgment, the Law has the. However, the organizational capabilities derived from the cases of developed countries may neglect the technological barriers faced by the latecomers (Davies and Brady, ).

In other words, how organizational capabilities facilitate technological learning is the key issue to be addressed for latecomers’ successful CoPS development (Hobday Cited by: Technology institutions and policies - their role in developing technological capability in industry (English) Abstract.

This study of six industries in eight economies examined the role in building industrial technological capability played by outside sources particularly technology institutions (TIs) such as research and standards organizations and by directed policies Cited by: (the average for developed countries) by To put this in a global con- text, figure 4 presents R&D expenditures of the largest spending countries in PPP terms.

productive activity, for developing countries technological progress is strongly influenced by their ability to access, adapt and diffuse technological knowledge that has been generated abroad.

For this reason, the implications for trade and development of the technology gap between developed and developing countries and the.

Downloadable (with restrictions). This study proposes a moderated mediating framework to describe the relationships among international diversification, technological capability, market orientation and emerging market multinational enterprises' new product performance.

Within this framework, emerging market multinational enterprises' technological capabilities mediate the Cited by: 4. technological learning, through which the capability to use and improve technologies is put in place, together with technological innovation, through which appropriate new technologies are used to deliver new or improved products to markets.

Based on its analysis of the weaknesses of technological capabilities in LDCs, the. Suggested Citation: "Japan." National Research Council. Japan's Growing Technological Capability: Implications for the U.S.

Economy. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: / Inthe Japanese created a new word "mechatronics" by combining the two words mechanics and electronics.

A developing country, also called a lower developed country with middle and low income base, is a nation with an underdeveloped industrial base, and low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other the other hand, since the late s developing countries tended to demonstrate higher growth rates than the developed ones.

According to the UN, a developing. initial comparative advantage of cheap labour by advanced technological skills, complemented by the ability to utilize such skills, in terms of modern technological infrastructures. This critical role of national technological capabilities and infrastructure in explaining inward FDI in developing countries, however, is practically unexamined.

The role of multinational companies as an agent of technology transfer for economic development of less developed countries is potential and very important (Bruce Peters, ). FOR MNCS: Keeping aside few instances that have taken place and the points noted against the multinational companies in less developing countries.

Description. Advancements in technological innovation and adoption impact modern organizations on an increasingly global level. There is now a continual need for research on recent developments and future considerations that promote the successful management of knowledge, ideas, and practice among developed and developing nations.

The economic and social development of the poor countries is now no longer conditional upon the generation of new scientific knowledge, as was the case until the middle of the last century.

The world store-house of technological expertise, accumulated in the developed countries since the Industrial Revolution, was responsible for raising their realCited by: The Informal Economy: Studies in Advanced and Less Developed Countries [Bryan R.

Roberts, Saskia Sassen-Koob, Juan Carlos Fortuna, Monica Lanzetta de Pardo, Alex Stepick, Jose Blanes Jimenez, Gregory Grossman, Lourdes Beneria, Vittorio Capecchi, Josep-Antoni Ybarra] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

The Informal Economy: Studies in 4/5(2). This book provides an extensive overview of the diffusion of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in developing countries between and It covers issues such as country-specific ICT diffusion patterns, technological Brand: Springer International Publishing.

The establishment of maquiladoras is an example of the new international devision of labor between. less developed countries can improve their economies by. Idustrialization Unit 6: Multiple Choice.

25 terms. epugh AP Human Geography Unit Multiple Choice. 26 terms. The main objective of the present study is to understand the way in which Technological Innovation Capabilities of an industry at the level of its firms, affect the efficiency and the potential of small and micro firms that have to gain their competitive advantage through differentiation and innovation, rather than cost leadership.

A New Indicator of Technological Capabilities for Developed and Developing Countries (ArCo) Daniele Archibugi and Alberto Coco * Revised Version, 23 May Italian National Research Council Via dei Taurini, 19 – Rome, Italy Tel. + – Fax + Email: [email protected] [email protected] ABSTRACT.

Overall, the creation of technology fosters international trade in all countries, independently form their technological achievements. of course, the contribution of single country to export varies, e.g. countries, which have higher diffusion of new innovations, export more and countries, which have higher diffusion of old innovations, export less.

the counterpart of the human development index and was developed by the United Nations to investigate the proportion of a population suffering from deprivation in a country with a high HDI Command-and-control approach. a study of knowledge sourcing from host countries of overseas R&D operations Jaeyong Song1 and ing a framework of the ‘‘paradox of technological capabilities’’.

On the one hand, the technological unit with a relatively high capability level is less likely to bring in knowledge from other units in its chain.First, innovation theory contains insights into how and why technical capabilities are developed in the industrial sectors of advanced countries.

In effect, they give some new dimensions of meaning to the concept of 'accumulation of local technological capabilities', which has come to play an important role in technology policy in developing. A. Less-developed countries now surpass developed countries in domestic output.

B. Less-developed countries have yet to adopt technological advancements. C. Technological advancements have strengthened the potential of developing countries.

D. Developing nations account for about sixty percent of all international trade, thanks to technological progress.